What Are You Doing To Deal With The Increase In Crop Prices And Changes In The Country's Behavior?



Exist ability of increasing arrowroot foods prices like cassava, rice , banana at Mafufuni and Koba villages at BUMBWINI North region in Unguja Island  due to the farmers effected on the climatic change the sea water destroyed their farmlands.          

Ministry of Farming, Irrigation, Livers stock keeping and Natural Resources  uses the strategic and planning on the  developing agricultural sector in order to available of enough foods especially for businesses opportunity in and out of Zanzibar.   

Agricultural sector especially for foods crops, livestock keeping and foresty industry are maintaining to be an important for Zanzibar economy and lead to contribute much people get foods and employment.        

Generally the number of household's 180,220 between 348,250 in Zanzibar which reached percent 51.8 for farming activities and contribute  government income, this according to Statistic Abstract of year 2020.    

Either during 2021 agricultural sector contributed 24.6 percent for National income and compared 22.8 percent that reported 2020.             

The government improved the farming industry by using Irrigation system of the areas of field that cultivated crops during autumn ally season that includes 9068 hector equal for 13.6 percent also the sides season after winter and before summer including hector 7421 same to the 12.5 percent.            

Statistic shown that the area taken Large of hector is 14,679 also put the fertilizers during the autumn taken 16,934. This according to the census of Farming and liver stock of 2019/2020. 

The statistics shown that total of hector 98591 planted the crops during 2021 compared to the acres 100, 907 of the year 2020 with different acres 2,316 between the areas consists acres 82,121 the equal to the 83.3 percentage which planted the foods crops and also cassava taken a large area of land such as 31.4 percentage compared to others crops for 2021.           

And the second crop taken a large area of land is rice which contain 28,172 acre the equal to the 28.6%. 

Also, the smallest area of land that taken is 2,233 acres 2.3 it is planting the types of beans.     

 Either the Ministry increase the effort and motivating the farmers for cultivating the crops like beans, vegetables, fruits, and species in order to fulfill the internal together with national income.        

Due to the affect climatic change it lead the increasing of prices of crops for this year at different areas of Zanzibar island such as Mafufuni and Koba villages

“The impacts of sun bittern to the crops like cassava, rice and banana effected and lead the farmers bought their products for low prices.”said Mkusa Mshenga, . 

“They have asked the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar and the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Irrigation and Livestock keeping  to provide them with education on agriculture and how to cultivate agriculture, seeds and seeds and also to help them identify which land can be used for agriculture." said that's Khamis Chotara  & Khamis Haji Msena   .

Therefore, Forestry officer Mrs Samira Makame Juma, said the climatic change effected the agricultural sector especially farming industry this due the low level of rainfall and leads drought.

The crops like cassava, rice and vegetables more affected due to climatic change.



Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania. It consists of two main islands, Unguja and Pemba with a total area of 2,654 km2 (1,666 km2 in Unguja and 988 km2 in Pemba).

 Zanzibar has its own government with a legislative assembly known as the executive headed by the President of Zanzibar and its own judicial system.  According to the 2022 Population and Housing Census, the population of Zanzibar in 2022 is 1,889,773  (915,492  males  and  974,281 females) with annual growth rate of 3.7 percent.

According to the ZADEP (2021 – 2026), the Zanzibar’s economy recorded positive results in terms of economic growth with an annual average growth rate that ranged between 5.8 and 7.7 percent between 2016 and 2019. In 2019, the GDP growth rate of Zanzibar was 7.0 percent which was below target. GDP per capital income rising to US$ 1,115 in 2019 up from US$ 834 in 2015.

This enabled Zanzibar to cross the low middle-income country threshold of per capital income of US$ 1,045 (2019) and successfully achieved one of the main targets of the Vision 2020 of becoming a Middle Income Status Economy.  

The slow rate of growth of 1.3 percent observed in 2020 was caused by the outbreak of the global COVID 19 pandemic which adversely affected productivity in all economic sectors.

 Due to commendable growth, data from the Household Budget Survey of 2019/2020, reveals that the percentage of people living below basic needs poverty line has declined from 30.4 percent in 2015 to 25.7 percent in 2020. Child basic needs poverty experienced a similar decline from 34.7 percent to 30.1 percent and child food poverty dropped from 13.7 percent to 11.4 percent.  

In response to the above and other development challenges the  launched the Zanzibar Vision 2050 articulating the country’s long term development strategy. The thrust of the vision is to attain a higher middle class economic status by 2050. To guide the implementation of Vision 2050 in the medium term, Zanzibar has developed Zanzibar Development Plan (ZADEP) of 2021 – 2026.

The Zanzibar Development Plan (ZADEP) whose theme is: Blue Economy for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development” is intended to align society’s efforts towards realization of the development aspirations as articulated in Zanzibar Development Vision 2050.  

ZADEP outlines new interventions to enable Zanzibar transform into blue economy without letting go of its green existence and industrialization. ZADEP, which is in line with Sustainable Development Goals, spells out deliverable through sustainable and inclusive human development, characterized by such as Economic Transformation , Human Capital and Social Services, Infrastructural Linkages; and  Governance and Resilience.  

This Green Legacy Program me will ultimately expect to contributes directly to the Governance and Resilience of the Vision 2050 under the aspiration of the strengthened sustainable environment and natural resources and climate resilient conservation practices as part of efforts to increase the greening of the island.  The target for this aspiration is to increase annual afforestation rate from 640 hectors in 2015/18 to 4,000 hectors in 2025/26.  

Long Term Commitment in response to impacts of climate change in Zanzibar

However that , The Green Legacy Program me is a demonstration of Zanzibar’s long-term commitment to response to the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation that encompasses agroforestry, forest sector development, greening and renewal of urban and rural areas, and integrated ground water and soil resources management. 

This has an immense contribution to efforts of Zanzibar as part of the United Republic of Tanzania to meet its international commitments such as the Paris Climate Change Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and Agenda 2063.

In addition that the long term perspective as already noted the transformation of Zanzibar vegetation cover into green scenario ,scenery , vision plays a crucial role in achieving sustained development by impacting positively on reduction of the impacts of climate change in the country.  

It will require interventions that address improvement in business processes and cultural re-orientation of the public and leadership at all levels. 

The public will need to adopt a mind-set change towards the environment and on the other hand, the staff that will be directly involved in implementation of GLP will need to put in place mechanisms to support the community members to appreciate importance of the initiative and take part in its sustainability.

 Finally that, Given the comprehensive coverage of the envisaged GLP, tasks involved as well as lessons learned from other countries indicate the transformation of the Zanzibar towards green environment will require at least ten years of sustained effort.  

 It is therefore proposed that the GLP be implemented over two phases of 5 years each. This Zanzibar GLP constitutes Phase 1 from 2022/2023 to 2027/2028. 

 Zanzibar has designed and developed a Green Legacy Program me to inspire and enable all people of Zanzibar and stakeholders to plant and grow trees to improve it environment for future generations.  This is a 10 years’ program me (2022/2023 – 2032/2033) divided into 2 periods of 5 years each toward the realization of aspiration of achieving sustainable green and climate resilient Zanzibar. 

The Green Legacy Program me deliberates the objectives and milestones recognized by national, regional and international frameworks including but not limited to the Zanzibar Development Vision 2050, Zanzibar Development Plan (ZADEP) 2021– 2026, Zanzibar Environmental Policy 2013, the Nationally Determined Contribution (2021) and other related policies, strategies, programme and plans. 


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